You don't need a cable or hardware to use them. Vpns are “private” because they encrypt your connection and allow you to surf the web without governments, internet service providers (isps), cybercriminals, and other trackers spying on Mexico Phone Number List you. Vpns are “networks” as they establish a secure connection between your Mexico Phone Number List device, vpn server and the internet. A brief history of vpns according to Security.Org's vpn consumer usage, adoption, and shopping survey 2021, 85% of internet users over the age of 18 know what a vpn is.
This is a 13% increase over 2020. However, vans weren't always this well known. Experts first realized that the world needed vpns after the advanced research projects agency network (Arpanet) was launched. Developed by the united states government's Mexico Phone Number List department of defense, arpanet was an early version of the internet. Arpanet encouraged the creation of the transfer control protocol/internet protocol allowed devices and local networks to connect over a shared network.
This posed a cybersecurity risk as an outsider could use it to access devices within its network . Researchers from tat bell labs and Columbia Mexico Phone Number List university developed the first vpn, software ip encryption protocol (swipe), in 1993. Wei xu and garden Mexico Phone Number List Singh-pall developed more vpn technologies in 1994 and 1996, respectively. Xu created IPsec and Singh-pall (a Microsoft employee) created the peer-to-peer tunneling protocol (put).