top of page

Market Research Group

Public·16 members

What Every Civil Engineer Should Know about CE Laws, Contracts and Specifications


CE Laws, Contracts, Specifications and Ethics PDF Download




If you are a civil engineer or aspiring to be one, you need to know the legal and ethical aspects of your profession. Civil engineering involves designing, constructing, and maintaining various structures and facilities that serve the public interest. As such, you have to comply with the laws, contracts, specifications, and ethics that govern your practice.




ce laws contracts specifications and ethics pdf download


Download File: https://www.google.com/url?q=https%3A%2F%2Fmiimms.com%2F2tVOIb&sa=D&sntz=1&usg=AOvVaw2AYE5oc7UrJiMw5oXcUjwZ



In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive overview of the CE laws, contracts, specifications, and ethics that you need to know. We will also give you a link to download a PDF file that contains more detailed information on these topics. By reading this article and the PDF file, you will be able to:


  • Understand the fundamental principles, canons, and guidelines of the civil engineering code of ethics.



  • Recognize the professional responsibilities and relationships of a civil engineer with clients, contractors, colleagues, and society.



  • Describe the different types of civil engineering services and how to charge for them.



  • Explain the selection process and criteria for hiring a civil engineer for a project.



  • Identify the construction regulatory laws and design and construction codes that apply to civil engineering projects.



Civil Engineering Code of Ethics




The civil engineering code of ethics is a set of rules and standards that guide the conduct and behavior of civil engineers in their professional practice. The code of ethics aims to uphold the dignity, honor, and integrity of the profession and to protect the public welfare. The code of ethics consists of four elements:


  • Fundamental principles: These are the basic values and ideals that civil engineers should adhere to in their work. They include honesty, fairness, competence, accountability, respect, loyalty, professionalism, and social responsibility.



  • Fundamental canons: These are the general rules that civil engineers should follow in their practice. They include holding paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public; performing services only in areas of their competence; issuing public statements only in an objective and truthful manner; acting as faithful agents or trustees for their clients or employers; avoiding conflicts of interest; building their professional reputation on merit; acting in a manner that upholds the honor and dignity of the profession; and continuing their professional development and supporting the advancement of the profession.



  • Guidelines to practice under the fundamental canons: These are the specific guidelines that explain how to apply the fundamental canons in different situations. They cover topics such as quality assurance, peer review, confidentiality, plagiarism, advertising, bidding, compensation, gifts, whistleblowing, sustainability, diversity, harassment, mentoring, and lifelong learning.



  • Professional obligations: These are the additional obligations that civil engineers have to fulfill as members of their professional societies or organizations. They include abiding by the constitution, bylaws, policies, procedures, rules, standards, and codes of their societies or organizations; cooperating with other professionals in matters of common interest; reporting any violations of the code of ethics by other civil engineers; and participating in civic affairs related to engineering.



Civil Engineering Services




Civil engineering services are the various activities that civil engineers perform in their professional practice. They include consultations,


research,


investigations,


reports,


designs,


plans,


specifications,


estimates,


erection,


installation,


supervision,


construction,


demolition,


and academic services.


Civil engineering services can be classified into four categories:


Consultations: These are services that involve providing expert advice or opinion on technical matters related to civil engineering. Examples include feasibility studies,


site investigations,


soil tests,


surveys,


environmental impact assessments,


  • and value engineering.



Design services for construction projects: These are services that involve preparing plans,


specifications,


and estimates for civil engineering structures or facilities. Examples include bridges,


highways,


railroads,


airports,


portworks,


canals,


river and shore improvements,


lighthouses,


dry docks,


buildings,


irrigation systems,


flood protection systems,


drainage systems,


water supply systems,


  • and sewerage systems.



Construction services: These are services that involve supervising or managing the execution of civil engineering projects. Examples include contract administration,


quality control,


inspection,


testing,


commissioning,


  • and maintenance.



Special services for construction projects: These are services that involve providing specialized skills or knowledge for specific aspects of civil engineering projects. Examples include structural analysis,


geotechnical engineering,


hydraulic engineering,


transportation engineering,


environmental engineering,


  • and safety engineering.



Charging for Civil Engineering Services




Charging for civil engineering services is the process of determining and collecting fees or compensation for the services rendered by a civil engineer. Charging for civil engineering services depends on several factors such as:


The type and scope of service: Different types of services may require different levels of effort


and expertise


and therefore may have different rates or charges.


The scope of service refers to the extent


and duration


of the service provided by a civil engineer


and may affect the amount


and frequency


  • of payment.



The qualifications


and experience


of the civil engineer: A civil engineer who has higher qualifications


such as licenses


certifications


or degrees


or more experience


in a particular field or project


  • may charge higher fees than a less qualified or experienced one.



The market conditions


and competition: The demand


and supply


of civil engineering services in a given area or sector may influence the fees or charges that a civil engineer can charge.


The presence


and performance


  • of other civil engineers who offer similar or alternative services may also affect the fees or charges that a civil engineer can charge.



The contractual agreement


and legal requirements: The fees or charges that a civil engineer can charge may be subject to negotiation


and agreement


between the civil engineer


and the client or employer.


The contractual agreement may specify the terms


and conditions


of payment such as mode


schedule


currency


taxes


penalties


or incentives.


The fees or charges that a civil engineer can charge may also be subject to legal requirements such as laws


regulations


  • or standards that govern the practice of civil engineering in a given jurisdiction.



There are different methods or bases for charging for civil engineering services such as:


  • Lump sum: This is a method where a fixed amount is agreed upon for a specific service or project regardless of the actual cost or time involved.



  • Cost plus: This is a method where a percentage is added to the actual cost of performing a service or project to cover overhead expenses and profit.



  • Time basis: This is a method where an hourly or daily rate is applied to the actual time spent on performing a service or project.



Unit price: This is a method where a unit rate is applied to each unit of work performed such as quantity


area


volume


  • or weight.



Percentage: This is a method where a percentage is applied to a certain base such as construction cost


project value


  • or savings



Selection Process for Civil Engineers




The selection process for civil engineers is the procedure by which clients or employers choose qualified and competent civil engineers for their projects. The selection process for civil engineers depends on several factors such as:


The type and size of project: Different types and sizes of projects may require different levels of qualification and experience from civil engineers. For example,


a small-scale residential project may not need as much expertise as


  • a large-scale infrastructure project.



The type and mode of contract: Different types and modes of contracts may require different methods


and criteria


for selecting


civil engineers.


For example,


a design-bid-build contract may involve


a separate selection process


for design


and construction


services,


while


a design-build contract may involve


a single selection process


for both


  • services.



The client's preferences


and objectives:


The client may have specific preferences


or objectives


that influence


the selection process


for civil engineers.


For example,


the client may prefer


a local


or foreign


civil engineer,


a sole practitioner


or a firm,


a generalist


or a specialist,


or a low-cost


or high-quality


  • service provider.



The legal requirements


and standards:


The selection process


for civil engineers


may also be subject to legal requirements


and standards


that regulate


the practice


of civil engineering


in a given jurisdiction.


For example,


the selection process


may have to comply with


the procurement laws,


the licensing laws,


the ethical codes,


or the accreditation standards


  • of the relevant authorities.



There are different methods or procedures for selecting civil engineers such as:


Qualifications-based selection (QBS):


This is a method where


civil engineers are selected based on their qualifications,


such as education,


training,


experience,


reputation,


and performance.


This method emphasizes


Selection Process for Civil Engineers




The selection process for civil engineers is the procedure by which clients or employers choose qualified and competent civil engineers for their projects. The selection process for civil engineers depends on several factors such as:


The type and size of project: Different types and sizes of projects may require different levels of qualification and experience from civil engineers. For example,


a small-scale residential project may not need as much expertise as


  • a large-scale infrastructure project.



The type and mode of contract: Different types and modes of contracts may require different methods


and criteria


for selecting


civil engineers.


For example,


a design-bid-build contract may involve


a separate selection process


for design


and construction


services,


while


a design-build contract may involve


a single selection process


for both


  • services.



The client's preferences


and objectives:


The client may have specific preferences


or objectives


that influence


the selection process


for civil engineers.


For example,


the client may prefer


a local


or foreign


civil engineer,


a sole practitioner


or a firm,


a generalist


or a specialist,


or a low-cost


or high-quality


  • service provider.



The legal requirements


and standards:


The selection process


for civil engineers


may also be subject to legal requirements


and standards


that regulate


the practice


of civil engineering


in a given jurisdiction.


For example,


the selection process


may have to comply with


the procurement laws,


the licensing laws,


the ethical codes,


or the accreditation standards


  • of the relevant authorities.



There are different methods or procedures for selecting civil engineers such as:


Qualifications-based selection (QBS):


This is a method where


civil engineers are selected based on their qualifications,


such as education,


training,


experience,


reputation,


and performance.


This method emphasizes


the competence


and creativity


of civil engineers


rather than


the cost


of their services.


This method is recommended


by many professional organizations


such as


the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)


  • and the World Bank.



Competitive bidding:


This is a method where


civil engineers are selected based on the lowest bid


or price


they offer for their services.


This method emphasizes


the economy


and efficiency


of civil engineering projects


rather than


the quality


or innovation


of their services.


This method is commonly used


by public agencies


or clients


who have limited budgets


  • or strict specifications.



Negotiation:


This is a method where


civil engineers are selected based on a mutual agreement


between them and their clients or employers.


This method allows


flexibility


and customization


of civil engineering services


according to the needs


and preferences


of both parties.


This method is often used


by private clients or employers


  • who have specific requirements or expectations.



Construction Regulatory Laws and Design and Construction Codes




Construction regulatory laws and design and construction codes are the legal and technical rules that govern the planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of civil engineering structures and facilities. Construction regulatory laws and design and construction codes aim to ensure the safety, health, welfare, and quality of life of the public and the environment. Construction regulatory laws and design and construction codes consist of two types:


  • General laws and codes: These are the laws and codes that apply to all types of civil engineering projects regardless of their location, nature, or purpose. They include national laws such as the Contractors' License Law (RA 4566), the Construction Industry Authority of the Philippines (CIAP) Law (PD 1746), the Government Procurement Reform Act (RA 9184), and the National Building Code (PD 1096); international laws such as the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) and the International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC) Contracts; and universal codes such as the International Building Code (IBC) and the International Fire Code (IFC).



  • Specific laws and codes: These are the laws and codes that apply to specific types of civil engineering projects depending on their location, nature, or purpose. They include local laws such as city ordinances, zoning regulations, and environmental laws; sectoral laws such as the Fire Code of the Philippines (PD 1185), the Code on Sanitation of the Philippines (PD 856), and the Accessibility Law (BP 344); and specialized codes such as the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Standards, the American Concrete Institute (ACI) Standards, and the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standards.



Civil engineers must be familiar with and comply with the construction regulatory laws and design and construction codes that are relevant to their projects. They must also keep themselves updated with any changes or amendments to these laws and codes. They must also consult with other professionals such as architects, lawyers, contractors, regulators, or inspectors who may have more knowledge or authority on these matters.


Conclusion




Civil engineering is a noble and challenging profession that requires not only technical skills but also legal and ethical awareness. Civil engineers must know and follow the CE laws, contracts, specifications, and ethics that govern their practice. They must also be able to provide quality services to their clients or employers while protecting the public interest. By doing so, they can contribute to the development of society and the environment.


If you want to learn more about CE laws, contracts, specifications, and ethics, you can download this PDF file that contains more detailed information on these topics. This PDF file will help you understand better the concepts, principles, methods, and examples discussed in this article. You can also use this PDF file as a reference or a guide for your future projects.


To download this PDF file, simply click on this link: CE Laws, Contracts, Specifications, and Ethics PDF Download.


Conclusion




Civil engineering is a noble and challenging profession that requires not only technical skills but also legal and ethical awareness. Civil engineers must know and follow the CE laws, contracts, specifications, and ethics that govern their practice. They must also be able to provide quality services to their clients or employers while protecting the public interest. By doing so, they can contribute to the development of society and the environment.


If you want to learn more about CE laws, contracts, specifications, and ethics, you can download this PDF file that contains more detailed information on these topics. This PDF file will help you understand better the concepts, principles, methods, and examples discussed in this article. You can also use this PDF file as a reference or a guide for your future projects.


To download this PDF file, simply click on this link: CE Laws, Contracts, Specifications, and Ethics PDF Download. ca3e7ad8fd


About

Welcome to the group! You can connect with other members, ge...
Group Page: Groups_SingleGroup
bottom of page